About Toyota Corolla
The Toyota Corolla is a range of small cars. In 2021, Toyota reached the milestone of 50 million cars sold over 12 generations. The range has undergone several significant changes. The Corolla name follows Toyota's tradition of naming sedans after Toyota's crown: "Corolla" means "little crown" in Latin. The Toyota Corolla has always been produced in Japan only under the name Toyota Corolla. Until 2000 it was produced in Japan in a dual version under the name Toyota Sprinter. The Toyota Corolla was produced in Japan at the main Takaoka plant. But it was previously manufactured or assembled in Australia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines, and Venezuela. Production in the United States stopped in March 2010. Production resumed the following year with the opening of the Toyota Motor Manufacturing Mississippi plant in Blue Springs, Mississippi, in November 2011.
The first-generation Toyota Corolla was launched in November 1966 with a new 1100 cc piston engine. A hatchback version of the Toyota Corolla Sprinter was launched in 1968. In September 1970, the 1400cc T and 1600cc 2T OHV engines were offered. Only a two-door version of the KE20 was available as a hatchback and estate or van in Australia. The brakes were simple mechanical with electric actuation and fixed discs at the front and drums at the rear. The components were not compatible with later models. The rounder, larger and heavier Corolla and Sprinter entered production in April 1974. A two-door liftback version was added to the model lineup. In March 1976, most E30 models were replaced by their respective E50 models. And most E40 Sprinter models were replaced by their respective E60 models. The E30 was equipped with retractable front seat belts.
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In May 1983, a sloping hood and a modern design with sharp edges and no moldings were introduced. The new diesel engine with a displacement was introduced in the E80 model range. Starting in 1985, the E80 Sprinter was sold in the United States as the fifth generation of the Chevrolet Nova. Fuel injection was introduced as an option at extra cost in the international market. Most models were front-wheel drive, except the AE85 and AE86. They were the last RWD Corolla or FR models. The AE85 and AE86 chassis codes were also used for the Sprinter. The Sprinter is virtually identical to the Corolla, differing only in minor exterior changes such as retractable headlamps. The E90, introduced in May 1987, had a rounder, more aerodynamic design and was generally more sophisticated than the Corolla and other older small cars. Most models were now FWD, and some had all-wheel drive. Many engines were used for different trim levels and models.
The Corolla E110 was launched in May 1995. In 1998, some Corolla models outside Japan received the new 1ZZ-FE engine for the first time. Europe and Australia also received their versions. In Pakistan, production of this model was discontinued in November 1998, and production ended in March 2002. In August 2000, the production of the ninth-generation Corolla E120 began in Japan, bringing the brand into the 21st century with a sharper design and more advanced technology. This version is sold in Japan, Australia, Europe, and the Middle East. North American sales were delayed until March 2002, and the E130 was sold in North America from 2003 to 2008. It was similar to the Corolla Alt sold in Southeast Asia. The E130 was still offered alongside the E120 in some markets.